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16
Feb

Wood & Its Types

Wood & Its Types

Wood is the most important renewable raw material used today as a building material and as a decorative element. It requires little processing with a relatively clean production process, consuming little energy. However, the selection of the appropriate wood to be used as building material must be made according to some parameters, which are crucial in order for the wood to be characterized as truly ‘ecological’. The parameters to be considered are:

  • The way forests are managed and the origin of timber
  • Wood processing and mainly the use of non-preservatives
  • The energy required for transportation and processing.
  • Important in the choice of wood is its type and specifications.

Walnut

Origin: Austria, Slovenia, Hungary
Tree: 20 to 25 m high – Trunks with no branches are rare – The tree has a large crown with many branches
Wood: Moderate Hardwood – Gray to yellowish wood morph, Gray-brown wood, Purple-brown to black-brown – Moderate decoration
Special features: Good handling – Use as a decorative – Often color derogations – High value due to rare wood – Exclusive use for furniture production.
Beech
Origin: Austria, Germany
Tree: Height from 30 to 40 meters – Smooth trunk, tree crown starts at high altitude
Wood: Hard and very resilient wood – Reddish tint when vaporized – Large crowd of lightly dispersed pores
Special Features: Heavy wood – Suitable for furniture – High dimensions of casting
Splinter
Origin: Hungary, Poland (wetlands such as meadows, riparian areas)Tree: Fine trees 20 to 33 meters high – Diameter 30 to 60 cm
Wood: Semi-solid wood – Reddish to yellowish with dark brown spots – Nearly scarce pores lightly scattered – Moderate dimensional dimensions
Special Features: Grows quickly so no predator exploits – Highly tolerant surface treatment material – Frequent color aberrations
Beech Interior
Origin: Austria, Germany
Tree: Height from 30 to 40 meters – Smooth trunk, tree crown starts at high altitude
Wood: Hard, dense, minimal elastic wood – Reddish-brown, curved to sharp (with protrusions) with shades – Optional heart shaped wood (interior)Highlights: Color differences, subtle cracks, adhesions, small branches define the quality of wood – Wood waters look more real / vibrant thanks to natural shades – Decorative colors, intense use of furniture
Maple
Origin: Austria, Germany, Croatia, Romania
Tree: Height up to 25 meters – Up to 10 meters the trunk has no branches
Wood: Hard, dense wood – Almost white color – Scattered pores
Special Features: Favorable for processing – Wavy texture with water – Light yellow (white vegetable oils whiten it) – Suitable for furniture
Oak
Origin: Austria, Germany, Hungary
Tree: Height up to 35 meters – Up to 10 meters the trunk has no branches
Wood: Hardwood – The bark is gray, the interior is brownish-gray to light reddish-brown – Ringporiges Laubholz
Special features: Mainly decorative – Drying should be slow because oak tends to tear and pop – Ideal for furniture (except for bark) – Long lasting.
Cherry
Origin: Austria, Hungary. Romania
Tree: Height up to 20 meters – Usually the trunk has branches – Large crown with many branches
Wood: Semi-solid wood – Darkens over time – Semi-octyl porous wood – If the wood is not vaporized it has many shades – from yellow to red to gray
Special Features: Favorable for processing – Steam creates a uniform reddish hue – Great value due to rarity – Exclusively for furniture
Depending on the thickness of the wood there are different types of timber:

  • Shingles: Thickness from 1 to 1.2 cm
  • Half-boards: Thickness from 1.8 to 2 cm
  • Planks or boards: Thickened to 2.5 to 8 – 10 – 12 – 15 cm wide or greater.
  • Dunnage: 3 to 4 cm thick
  • Points: 4 to 5 cm thick
  • Blockboards or boards: 5 to 7 cm thick

Rectangular or square cross-bars: With a side of 20 cm or more. Ordinary cross sections 20X26 cm to 30 cm long.
Sawmill timber: The lengths usually range between four and six meters.